St. Louis is a city with a rich musical history, having had a major impact on blues, jazz, and many other genres. It is the birthplace of many notable musicians, and has been the scene of important developments in several popular musical genres. From blues and jazz to country and bluegrass, St.
Louis has been an important place for music for centuries. The state of Missouri has a long history of music, with Kansas City being home to famous artists such as Charlie Parker, Count Basie, Lester Young and their own distinctive jazz style. Ragtime took hold in the city of Sedalia, Missouri, thanks to Scott Joplin and his editor John Stark, and through another native of Missouri, James Scott. Country blues singer-songwriter Lottie Kimbrough was born in West Bottoms, Kansas City, Missouri. The St.
Louis Symphony is one of the oldest orchestras in the United States. The University of Missouri School of Music was established in 1917 in Columbia, Missouri, and has thousands of students. Missouri jazz artists include Dixieland's clarinetist, composer, and jazz and ragtime band director Wilbur Sweatman; trumpet player, saxophonist, accordionist and bandleader Charlie Creath; ragtime musician and songwriter Scott Joplin; saxophonist and bebop composer Charlie Parker; tenor saxophonists Coleman Hawkins, Ben Webster and Jimmy Forrest; pianist and conductor Bennie Moten; trumpet the Peters Shorty Baker, Clark Lester, Terry, Bowie, Louis Metcalf and Baikida Carroll; the violinist Eddie South; the saxophonist alto, arranger and composer Lennie Niehaus; saxophonist, clarinetist, arranger, composer and band director Oliver Nelson; clarinetist Pee Wee Russell; double bass player Wendell Marshall; trombonists Joseph Bowie and Melba Liston; alto saxophonists Luther Thomas and Jimmy Woods; saxophonist and composer Ahmad Alaadeen; guitarists Grant Green, Pat Metheny and Norman Brown; drummer Phillip Wilson; organists Wild Bill Davis, Milt and Charles Kynard; soft jazz musicians Bob James and David Sanborn; and singers Anita O'Day and Oleta Adams. The area's history of broadcasting country music dates back to nearby Springfield, Missouri in the mid-1930s when Ralph D. Foster's KWTO began broadcasting live performances and distributing them to other stations across the country.
The station's most famous program was Ozark Jubilee which starting in 1955 was broadcast live on ABC-TV across the country. Foster became an important figure in the region's music history; there is a museum named after him on the College of the Ozarks campus. Other national country television shows originating in Springfield were Five Star Jubilee and Talent Varieties. The television artists Porter Wagoner and Speck Rhodes were from West Plains, Missouri. In the mid-1980s the Saint Louis area (and nearby southern Illinois) was home to garage rock band The Primitives and rock band Blue Moons. The Blue Moons featured Mark Ortmann a native of Festus on drums and Brian Henneman. Angel Olsen is a folk and indie rock singer-songwriter and guitarist who grew up in St.
Louis. Nathaniel Rateliff was born in St. Louis and grew up in Hermann before initially moving to Colorado to work in an evangelical ministry after which he became bitter about religion and began to dedicate himself to music professionally. St. Louis was an important place for early blues music as well as for country and bluegrass.
It is also known for its famous piece of blues music “St. Louis Blues” written by W. C Handy which gave its name to the St. Louis Blues hockey team whose logo is a note number 64 believed to be related to Handy's hit song. In 2000 Nelly took the music world by storm with his unique style that combined hip-hop rap rhythm & blues soul funk reggae rock & roll pop country gospel jazz Latin music classical music techno house trance dubstep EDM trap metal alternative rock indie rock folk punk ska grunge hardcore rap crunkcore screamo emo post-hardcore metalcore alternative metal nu metal death metal black metal progressive metal symphonic metal power metal thrash metal grindcore industrial metal rapcore gothic metal industrial rock gothic rock darkwave synthpop new wave electroclash synthwave chillwave vaporwave witch house trapstep future bass drum & bass dubstep jungle breakbeat hardcore techno hardstyle acid techno goa trance psytrance ambient chillout lounge downtempo trip hop acid jazz nu jazz smooth jazz acid house tech house deep house progressive house electro house big room house future house tropical house trap EDM hardstyle hardcore hard trance eurodance eurobeat happy hardcore makina speed garage UK garage grime UK funky bassline 2-step garage dub garage wonky wonkstep wonky wonkhop wonky wonkhouse wonky wonkcore wonky wonkdub wonky wonkfunk wonky wonkpop wonky wonksoul wonky wonkstep wonky wonktrance wonky wonkwave wonky wonkzouk. Tina Turner was born Anna Mae Bullock in Nutbush Tennessee but moved to St.
Louis when she was 11 years old where she met Ike Turner who she would later marry becoming popular in their own right. John Seiter a native of St. Louis found success as a drummer both on stage and behind the scenes. Tech N9ne from Kansas City helped popularize the chopper rap style in the late 1990s co-founding Strange Music label. In 1846 Dred Scott a slave from Virginia sued for his freedom in St. Louis on the grounds that their residence in Illinois Wisconsin had freed them from slavery. Branson Missouri is a popular tourist destination associated with conventional country music hosting modern music festivals such as Old-Time Fiddle Festival Branson Jam State of the Ozarks Fiddlers Convention. Janet Jackson born in Gary Indiana but raised in St. Louis once her time in front of the crowd began in her teens she became known as an artist with multiple talents both song & performer. St.
Louis & Kansas City have active hip-hop scenes Tech N9ne born in Kansas City & Eminem born in St. Louis.